What is Pronation?
Your body endures a tremendous amount of force when you walk throughout the course of the day. A typical day for an average person consists of around 8,000-10,000 steps. This is significant because the force of impact from a step while walking is one and a half times your body weight (and that jumps up to 3 to 4 times when running!). This means your feet take a total amount of force on a daily basis equivalent to several hundred tons!
With that in mind, it becomes clear that your body needs processes to effectively handle the physical stress. This is where pronation comes into play. Your feet utilize a rolling motion that begins with the heel striking the ground and continues all the way up to the final push from the toes. The purpose of this motion is to distribute forces in an equitable manner.
Complications from Pronation
Common issues experienced by those who overpronate include heel pain (plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinitis), calluses, and bunions. This pronation style also can lead to pain in the feet, ankles, knees, hips, and even the back. When the foot rotates excessively, it forces the other lower body parts to move in an unnatural fashion.
Individuals who supinate often experience plantar fasciitis, iliotibial band syndrome, and Achilles tendinitis. Also, due to the increased amount of force placed upon bones in the feet and ankles, stress fractures are more common for those with this biomechanical abnormality.
Treatment for Pronation Problems
Your first step with treating issues from pronation abnormalities is to ensure that you have the proper footwear. Shoe manufacturers create models specifically designed for individuals who either overpronate or supinate. Purchase your shoes from stores that are staffed with knowledgeable individuals who can guide you to the styles that work best for you.
In addition to wearing proper shoes, you may benefit from a pair of custom orthotics. These medical devices fit into your shoes, are based on your feet and gait style, and correct abnormalities with your pronation. Dr. Kevin Sunshein can craft a pair that works for you and your unique feet. Also, our office provides treatment for any issues—like plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinitis, bunions—that arise on account of biomechanical abnormalities.